The southern coast extends between latitude 4½º N to the
west and 6½º N to the east. The country is bordered to the
north by Burkina Faso, the east by Togo, the south by the
Atlantic Ocean and the west by Côte d'Ivoire.
A narrow grassy plain stretches inland from the coast,
widening in the east, while the south and west are covered
by dense rainforest. To the north are forested hills, beyond
which is dry savannah and open woodland. In the far north is
a plateau averaging 500m (1600ft) in height. In the east the
Akuapim Togo hills run inland from the coast along the Togo
border. The Black and White Volta rivers enter Ghana from
Burkina Faso, merging into the largest manmade lake in the
world, Lake Volta. Ghana’s coastline is dotted with sandy
palm-fringed beaches and lagoons.
Ghana experiences two major seasons: the rainy season and
the dry season. There are two main seasons of rainfall in
the south starting from April to June and the minor rains
from September to October. The northern region experiences a
single rainy season from June to October. There is a dry
season from November to April.
Ghana has a tropical climate, hottest months March,
April, 23-31ºC and the coldest month, August 22-27 ºC. There
are relatively long dry season from mid October to March.
Driest month January has a maximum rainfall of 15mm. There
are two rainy seasons, from March to July and from September
to October, wettest month, June has 178mm average rainfall.
Ghana 's vegetation can be classified into three zones
(a) coastal savannah, tropical rain forest in the central
part and the guinea savannah in the north.
The warm sun, the regular rains and the fertile soils
join together to give exuberant vegetation. As a result,
dense tropical rain forests have over the years being
conserved and developed into game reserves and theme parks.
TROPICAL RAIN FOREST
Ghana used to share a virgin forest of about 85,000km²,
which has reduced to about 40,000km² due economic and human
developmental activities. It is only in the extreme
southwest with its wet climate that is left intact. Our
deciduous and semi deciduous forests offer both economic and
The savannah, which is the main vegetation in the
northern and certain parts of the south, is endowed with
birds that are suitable for bird watching and other mammals.
The Ghanaian hospitality is legendary. In this peaceful
and loving country, all visitors are received warmly and
sincerely regardless of race, religion, nationality or sex.
Ghanaians are often referred to as ' Africa’s Friendliest
19 million based on March 2000 population census, Ghana
has an estimated population of about 22.5 million nowadays.
It is made up of 75 ethnic groups who speak 46 languages and